Biased bots: why A.I. might lead to injustice, and how to avoid it

Rather than worrying about some far-fetched doomsday scenario akin to Terminator or I, Robot, artificial intelligence researchers are concerned with the real-world dangers presented by modern A.I. In recent years, eminent scientists and intellectuals, including Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk, have warned of the existential risk entailed by developing advanced artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence researcher Jennifer…

Unusual life discovered in Mexican crystal caves gives insight to astrobiologists

By Lauren Puckett BOSTON — Deep in the caves of Naica, Mexico — some 800 meters below ground, where geothermal heat pushed temperatures into the range of 113 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit — Penelope Boston found something incredible. Within the cave’s enormous sparkling crystals, tiny microbial organisms lived in pockets of fluid. Boston’s attempts to…

Scientists, want to anonymously tip journalists? Here’s how

BOSTON – At a session Thusday on environmental journalism in the age of Trump, panelists found plenty to disagree about. One example of disagreement was whether those who reject mainstream climate science should be called “deniers,” as Harvard science historian Naomi Oreskes declares, or “doubters,” following a 2015 Associated Press style decision. But there was one thing on…